- What is a biofunctional and intelligent textile?
It is one that not only serves to be dressed, but also has properties that exert added functionality, interacting in an interactive and personalized way with the user of the same.
- What is Far Infrared (FIR)?
Far infrared (FIR) is a non-ionizing subdivision, therefore safe, that is part of the electromagnetic spectrum and is located in the range between 0.75 and 1000 microns, widely studied, including by NASA during the massive space program.
- How did NASA use FIR technology?
NASA began to use FIR technology to improve the health and recovery of its astronauts in the space program in the conquest of the moon. To apply it, it used large lamp devices or a kind of sauna where astronauts spent hours exposed to FIR.
- Which FIR emission is the most beneficial for health and why?
Especially the emission range between 4 and 16 microns [1-2], due to its equivalence with the size of most of our cells (9 microns).
- How does the technology (FIR) act on the body and how does it work?
This form of energy is capable of triggering unique biological effects, fundamentally based on the “resonance” effect, capable of modifying some chemical reactions that are beneficial to health.
It generates the rupture of the “cluster” of the interstitial fluid, facilitating both the nutrition of the cells and the extraction and channeling of the metabolic detritus towards the elimination mechanisms.
Clusters are large clusters of water molecules that bind food and waste from cells, generating great toxicity and can suffocate a cell or force it to mutate in order to survive.
” It must be understood that health and disease are determined, not by the state of the organs, but by the state of the billions of cells that make up the human body.”.
- Mechanism of action at the cellular level?
The cellular and molecular mechanisms are somewhat understood and involve the absorption of red light by mitochondrial chromophores such as cytochrome c oxidase (CCO, unit IV of the mitochondrial respiratory chain) . This photon absorption activates the enzyme, possibly through photodissociation of the inhibitory molecule, NO, from the copper B (CuB) site . This loss of NO allows electron transport, oxygen consumption, and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) (adenosine triphosphate) to increase rapidly and results in a marked increase in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) resulting in to a brief burst of ROS . The signaling pathways are activated by ATP, NO and ROS (reactive oxygen species, free radicals), and lead to the activation of transcription factors (such as NF-κB)  that lead to long-term effects on the tissue (healing, anti-inflammatory and pain relief  seen after relatively transient periods of illumination.
- What benefits has this technology proven?
The benefits, among others, that it provides are important and unique :
- Increases nitric oxide levels , increasing vasodilation, improving microcirculation, nutrition and oxygenation of cells, normalizing blood pressure.
- Thermoregulatory effect.
- Bacteriostatic effect.
- Accelerates wound healing.
- Speeds recovery from joint or muscle injuries.
- Reduces recovery time after physical exertion.
- Reduces lactic acid levels.
- Increases the immune response and the elimination of cellular waste products and toxins.
- Acts on cell aging.
- Stimulates the hypothalamus, which controls the production of neurochemicals involved in biological processes such as sleep, mood, pain sensations.
- Are the benefits provided by the use of (FIR) scientifically proven?
Yes, multiple clinical studies amply demonstrate the benefits, safety and properties of this technology.
- What are Bioceramics?
Bioceramics are inorganic particles of the order of nanometers, which have the particularity, in the appropriate proportions, of emitting far infrared or of reflecting and returning the energy emitted by it to the body in the form of far infrared.
- What is the technological advance that we contribute to the use of technology (FIR)?
Our manufacturer has patented a special type of fiber, managing to fuse in the DNA of polyester fibers a formulation in the exact proportion of bioceramics capable of emitting and returning to the body in the form of far infrared, its energy, in four specific ranges and The only ones of this wavelength , which are the ones that prove that they benefit health, emitting between 4 and 16 microns within the far infrared. Transforming dead tissues into living tissues with therapeutic capacity, with the simple gesture of dressing them.
- How are the biofunctional textiles we use made?
Textiles are made with our polyester fibers enhanced with DNA-fused bioceramic particles, yarn is made with these fibers, and any garment is made with yarn.
- What are the differences between our technology and what exists on the market?
- It is a unique composition and proportion of bioceramic particles.
- These are DNA fused to the fibers, unlike the rest of the market that are only impregnated.
- The properties are stable over time.
- The properties of our textiles are validated with clinical studies carried out by prestigious institutions and universities, important KOLs and researchers.
- What scientific evidence has the benefits of the textiles we use?
Multiple clinical studies have been carried out with our textiles, implemented in the target population, which validate the efficacy of our technology, plus what FIR technology had already demonstrated:
- Validation studies of stable FIR emission and melting of bioceramic particles. .
- Studies to improve sports performance and recovery after exertion .
- Studies in people with diabetes, and its effect on the foot, improvement of moisture management and hydration, thermoregulatory effect, reduction of friction that generates wounds, reduction of infection risk .
- Studies on its effect on stability and muscular loads .
- Studies on the effect on the improvement of oxygen levels and circulation in diabetic foot .
- Studies on the reduction of bacterial colonies and the risk of foot infections .
- Studies on the effect on pain in patients after herniated disc surgery .
Everything is available in the scientific dossier with all these studies.
- Who can benefit from our technology?
Although our technology has multiple applications, at this moment we are focusing on the use of textiles in Diabetes, pain or rehabilitation.
- How are our biofunctional textiles used?
It is one of the great advantages that our products provide, users only have to put on the garments to obtain the benefits.
- Does the garment work if it does not receive direct sunlight?
Yes, the properties of bioceramics is to emit far infrared in contact with the body of a person, for the best understanding, we all know that bodies emit infrared light, (it can be seen with special devices, which are used in armies for example for night or thermal vision of bodies). This infrared light is picked up by the bioceramics in our clothing and returned to the body as far infrared (FIR).
- How long do you have to wear the clothes to benefit from the effects, is there a limit on the time of use?
The effects are immediate, and users begin to benefit from this technology from the moment they wear it.
The longer the clothing is kept on and the more time it spends in use, the greater the benefits to be gained.
There is no usage time limit.
- What are the conditions of use?
Simply put on the garments, better in direct contact with the skin, but it does not matter if it is used over another garment.
- Does it have contraindications or adverse effects?
Due to ethics, we do not recommend its use in pregnant women or in children under 16 years of age.
Has no known adverse effects.
- How long do the beneficial effects last?
The duration of the properties of our textiles is one of our great advantages, they last at least two years when used continuously and washed as recommended.
- Are the effects lost after washing?
No, at least for two years, if the conditions of use and washing are met.
- How are they washed?
Like a normal garment, with the usual detergent and cold water, it can be washed in a washing machine.
- Can they be ironed?
Ironing is not recommended, and it is not necessary either, since after washing it does not wrinkle, and they are ready to be used.
- Can these be tumble dried?
It is not recommended, because it can alter the molecules of the improved polyester.
- What is the production capacity?
Virtually unlimited to serve large orders.
- What are the average delivery times for large orders?
Average delivery times for large orders are 12 to 16 weeks from order placement.
- What are the range of retail prices?
Taking into account the diversity of possible garments, and the variety of prices that this implies, for use in humans the price range is between 35 and 120 euros.
- Estudio sobre las propiedades del FIR; US NIH (R01AI050875 a MRH, de Fatma Vatansever, Michael R. Hamblin, Harvard Medical School, Boston.
- Lee MS, Baletto F, Kanhere DG, Scandolo S. Far-infrared absorption of water clusters by first-principles molecular dynamics. J Chem Phys 2008;128(21):214506.
- Therapeutic Effects of Infrared Heat. Chapter 9 of Therapeutic Heat and Cold. 4th Edition. Justus F. Lehmann, M.D. Williams and Wilkin.- Reduces joint stiffness. – Improves soft tissue injury.- Relieves muscle spasms. – Increases the elasticity of collagen tissue.- Increases blood flow. – Helps to resolve inflammatory infiltrated edema. – Relieves pain.
- Leung TK, Lee CM, Tsai SY, Chen YC, Chao JS. A pilot study of ceramic powder far-infrared ray irradiation (cFIR) on physiology: observation of cell cultures and amphibian skeletal muscle. Chin J Physiol 2011;54(4):247 – 54.
- Leung TK, Lin YS, Lee CM, Chen YC, Shang HF, Hsiao SY, Chang HT, Chao JS. Direct and indirect effects of ceramic far infrared radiation on the hydrogen peroxide-scavenging capacity and on murine macrophages under oxidative stress. J Med Biol Eng 2011;31(5):345 – 51.
- Leung TK, Chan CF, Lai PS, Yang CH, Hsu CY, Lin YS. Inhibitory effects of far-infrared irradiation generated by ceramic material on murine melanoma cell growth. Int J Photoener 2012; doi:10.1155/2012/646845.
- Leung TK, Shang HF, Chen DC, Chen JY, Chang TM, Hsiao SY, Ho CK, Lin YS. Effects of far infrared rays on hydrogen peroxide-scavenging capacity. Biomed Eng Appl Basis Commun 2011;23(2):99 – 105.
- Leung TK, Chen CH, Lai CH, Lee CM, Chen CC, Yang JC, Chen KC, Chao JS. Bone and joint protection ability of ceramic material with biological effects. Chin J Physiol 2012;55(1):47 – 54.
- Leung TK, Lee CM, Wu CH, Chiou JF, Huang PJ, Shen LK, Hung CS, Ho YS, Wang HJ, Kung CH, Lin YH, Yeh HM, Hsiao WT. Protective effect of non-ionized radiation from far infrared ray emitting ceramic material (cFIR) against oxidative stress on human breast epithelial cells. J Med Biol Eng 2012. doi: 10.5405/jmbe.1133.
- Chung H, Dai T, Sharma SK, Huang YY, Carroll JD, Hamblin MR. The nuts and bolts of low-level laser (light) therapy. Ann Biomed Eng. 2012;40(2):516–33. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Lane N. Cell biology: power games. Nature. 2006;443(7114):901–3. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Chen AC-H, Huang YY, Arany PR, Hamblin MR. Role of reactive oxygen species in low level light therapy. Proc SPIE. 2009 doi: 10.1117/12.814890. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
- Chen AC, Arany PR, Huang YY, Tomkinson EM, Sharma SK, Kharkwal GB, Saleem T, Mooney D, Yull FE, Blackwell TS, Hamblin MR. Low-level laser therapy activates NF-κB via generation of reactive oxygen species in mouse embryonic fibroblasts. PLoS One. 2011;6(7):e22453. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Huang YY, Chen AC, Carroll JD, Hamblin MR. Biphasic dose response in low level light therapy. Dose Response. 2009;7(4):358–83. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
- Estudio Instituto Cerámico de Galicia sobre la emisión FIR y naturaleza de EKATOM® Fiber.
- Estudio Plataforma Linhart con EKATOM® Fiber.
- Estudio Universidad de Extremadura BioPiex, efecto calcetín con tecnología Ekatom Fiber en el pie de los diabéticos, mejora de la gestión de la humedad e hidratación, efecto termorregulador, reducción de fricción que genera heridas, reducción riesgo de infecciones.
- Estudio clínico unidad pie diabético, clinica universitaria de podología, universidad complutense de Madrid, mejora de oxigenación y circulación en el pie de personas con diabetes.
- Bioceramic-fiber socks have more benefits than cotton-made socks in controlling bacterial load and the increase of sweat in runners. Alfonso Martínez Nova1, Felix Marcos-Tejedor, Beatriz Gómez Martínez, Raquel Sánchez-Rodríguez and Elena Escamilla-Martínez.
- Estudio con EKATOM® Fiber sobre dolor y adherencia en pacientes tras operación de hernia discal, , equipo universidad neurocirugía universidad de Granada
- Repeated thermal therapy up-regulates endothelial nitric oxide synthase and augments angiogenesis in a mouse model of hindlimb ischemia. Akasaki Y, Miyata M, Eto H, Shirasawa T, Hamada N, Ikeda Y, Biro S, Otsuji Y, Tei C. Source Department of Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Metabolic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kagoshima University, Sakuragaoka, Japan.