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What is fibromyalgia?

What is fibromyalgia? [*]

 Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome characterized by chronic musculoskeletal pain. The main symptoms of this disease are muscle stiffness, joint stiffness, insomnia, fatigue, mood disorders, cognitive dysfunction, anxiety, depression, general sensitivity and the inability to carry out normal daily activities [1,2]. FM can also be associated with specific diseases, such as infections, diabetes, rheumatic diseases and psychiatric or neurological disorders [3].

  • The word fibromyalgia (FM) means pain in the muscles and fibrous tissue.
  • This pain has the appearance of originating in the joints, but it is not joint pain.
  • Fibromyalgia is most and most common, it is suffered by between 2% and 6% of the population, especially women.
  • It consists of an anomaly in the perception of pain.
  • It is usually associated with “chronic fatigue”.

 * Fibromyalgia: Pathogenesis, Mechanisms, Diagnosis and Treatment Options Update. Rosalba Siracusa, Rosanna Di Paola, Salvatore Cuzzocrea and Daniela Impellizzeri.

  1. 1. Gerdle, B.; Bjork, J.; Coster, L.; Henriksson, K.; Henriksson, C.; Bengtsson, A. Prevalence of widespread pain and associations with work status: A population study. BMC Musculoskelet. Disord. 2008, 9, 102. https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2474-9-102
  2. 2. Bennett, R.M.; Jones, J.; Turk, D.C.; Russell, I.J.; Matallana, L. An internet survey of 2596 people with fibromyalgia. BMC Musculoskelet. Disord. 2007, 8, 27.
  3. 3. Bellato, E.; Marini, E.; Castoldi, F.; Barbasetti, N.; Mattei, L.; Bonasia, D.E.; Blonna, D. Fibromyalgia syndrome: Etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. Pain Res. Treat. 2012, 2012, 426130. https://www.hindawi.com/journals/prt/2012/426130/